D.I.D. (Dissociative Identity Disorder) Questions and Answers

Q: What is D.I.D (Dissociative Identity Disorder)?

A: D.I.D (Dissociative Identity Disorder) formally known as M.P.D.( Multiple Personality Disorder)  is a defence or reaction to stressful or traumatic experiences. Severe or repeated trauma may result in a person developing a dissociative disorder, which (could) lead(s) to a separation of "two or more distinct identities or personality states."

Q: What are Alters, Individuals, system, multiples  and/or Parts?

A:  Alters, Individuals, System, Multiples and/or Parts are (references to) an alternate or secondary personality in a person  with D.I.D.

Q: What are some of the symptoms a person with  D.I.D could have ?

A: Some of the symptoms that a person with D.I.D. may have  

  • Memory Loss
  • Depression
  • Identity Confusion
  • Mood Swings
  • Panic/anxiety attacks
  • Paranoia
  • Multiple mannerisms, attitudes, and beliefs
  • Psychotic-like symptoms;  such as hearing voices
  • Self-Alteration (Feeling as if one’s body belongs to someone else)
  • Sudden Anger (with out cause)
  • Suicidal behaviors
  • Detachment from others
  • P.T.S.D. (Post-Traumatic-Stress- Disorder)
  • Dissociative Tendencies
  • Hallucinations (minor to severe)  

Q: What is P.T.S.D. (Post-Traumatic-Stress- Disorder)?

A: P.T.S.D. (Post-Traumatic-Stress- Disorder) is classified as an anxiety disorder where a person can recall or re-experience the trauma.

Q: What is a flashback?

A: A flashback is a recurring experience of the trauma that a person with D.I.D. will have.

Q: What is the spectrum of D.I.D.?

A: The  spectrum of D.I.D. is broken down into four stages  from the common dissociation to dissociative amnesia,  D.D.N.O.S. (Disorders Not Otherwise Specified), P.F.D (Ploy Fragments Disorder) P.T.S.D. ( Post Traumatic Stress Disorder)  all the way to D.I.D.

Q: What is a common dissociation?

A:  Common Dissociation - is something that everyone does in some way: such as day dreaming in class, losing yourself in thought, or reading a book and losing yourself in it.

Q: What is Dissociative Amnesia?

A:  Dissociative Amnesia is a loss of memory from a traumatic event

Q: What is Dissociative Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (D.D.N.O.S.)?

A: D.D.N.O.S is a disorder that includes a dissociative symptom ( disruption in the usually integrated functions of consciousness, memory, identity, or perception of the environment) that does not meet the criteria for any specific Dissociative Disorder.

Q: What is Poly Fragmented D.I.D?

A: Rather than splitting into three or four alter parts, someone with poly fragmented D.I.D might fragment into 100 or even 1,000 alternate parts. Many of these alternate parts might be personality fragments, which means that they are more one-dimensional than three-dimensional. (change the numbers lower, 1,000 is way too high for this description)

Q: How many alters, individuals, parts can a person with D.I.D. have?

A:The number of personalities (alters, parts, individuals) a person with D.I.D can have, is no less than 2. There is no limit to the number one can have.

Q: What forms (personality types/functions) of  Individuals can a person with D.I.D have in their system?

A: Some of The forms of Alters, Individuals, Parts  a person with D.I.D can have in a system are:

  • Children/Littles
  • Teens
  • Emotional
  • Fragments
  • Host (the primary personality)
  • Core (original personality at birth)
  • Protectors
  • Spiritual
  • Imaginative creatures
  • Guardians
  • Peace Maker/ Safe Keeper
  • Suicidal
  • Twins
  • Animals/Pets
  • Shifter (change of age or personality from day to day or moment to moment)  

Q: Do alters, individuals, parts have jobs in the system?

A: Alters, individuals, parts can have specific jobs in the system which can change as needed to help outwardly and assist other individuals within the system.

Q: Do alters, individuals, parts know about the time or what year it is?

A: Alters, individuals, parts all can be different about the time or year it is. Some may believe they are still in the past when the trauma or specific event that created them happened in the first place. Some may realize time has changed.

Q: Is D.I.D manageable?

A: With therapy, time to process emotions and the trauma individuals can heal and integrate/harmonize to become one.

Q: What is integrate?

A:  Integrate is to make whole, to become one in unity.

Q: What is harmony:

A: Harmony being co-conscience  together

Q: Do those with D.I.D have to take medication?

A: There is no medication for those with D.I.D. Some may chose to take an anti depressant or other medication to help with P.T.S.D. but each person is different.

Q: Can people with D.I.D. have  families in their inner world as well as in society?

A: Yes, many people with D.I.D. have families inward as well as outward.

Q: Can people with D.I.D have careers?

A: Yes. Many people with D.I.D.  have careers.

Q:  Are alters/individuals  abusive to children, adults, or animals?

A: While there is a stigma about survivors of abuse,  many multiples are loving, caring individuals who chose not to abuse.

Q: Are all alters/individuals  suicidal?

A: No.

Q: What are some ways that a multiple would self harm?

A: These are only some examples, there are many forms of self-harm:

  • Burning or scalding body parts
  • Hitting and/or self damaging the head
  • Punching things or throwing self against walls and/or hard objects
  • Sticking objects into skin
  • Intentionally preventing wounds from healing
  • Swallowing poisonous substances or inappropriate objects
  • Eating too much
  • Not eating enough (anorexia/bulimia)
  • Drinking Alcohol
  • Drugs
  • Unprotected Sex
  • Cutting

Q What is an Inner World?

A: An Inner World  is a place created in the mind, to those with D.I.D. it is very real to their multiples.  Multiples may have different kinds of inner worlds/ Many with D.I.D. may create a inner world for safety.

Q: Do all multiplies have inner worlds?

A: No. As  a Survivor of DID and know many people with DID there are many that do not have a inner world. 

Q: What is switching/shifting?

A: Switching/shifting is when other multiples come out when the Host is under stress, to help with a task, and/or to communicate information that another multiple may not know the answer to.

Q:What is the Host?

A: The host is the person who is living  outside in the world the most,  others in the system will usually allow the host to make final decisions.

Q:What is Grounding?

A:  Grounding is a technique or techniques that help multiples stay present (trying not to switch from one individual to another).

Q: Do multiples live and experience different things?

A: Yes. multiples can live and experience different things, they can have different beliefs,  different fears, talents, allergies, and even different languages that another individual or even the Host does not have.

Q: Is Bipolar Disorder and Schizophrenia the same as Multiple Personality Disorder?

A: No Bipolar Disorder, and Schizophrenia are not the same as Multiple Personality Disorder.  Those with bipolar disorder can for the most part live fairly “normal” lives, hold down a regular job, have a happy relationship and family, even be very successful in a career. They do not hear voices. The side effects of Bipolar Disorder can be treated with medications (and if they stick to treatment and medication they will get on well).They tend to have mood swings but don’t have separate personalities with the moods. Bipolar disorder is more commonly genetic (more common in those who have a sibling or parent with the illness) and in families affected by mood disorders for several generations.

Schizophrenics have a very difficult time in society: they struggle with social relationships, family, friends, and work. Many people with schizophrenia become homeless and/or outcast from their families (families may not want anything to do with them).  They can be depressed or manic, but this is usually a result of the schizophrenia itself. They also can  hear voices (though not all people with schizophrenia do), but unlike D.I.D. the voices are outward, and they do not recognize people as different identities within themselves. Where schizophrenia is a result of both genetic and environmental factors, D.I.D, is not genetic and is only a result from repeated trauma and abuse.

Q: What is a fragment?

A: A fragment is not a personality its just one specific job created. For example a fragment may have been formed to help the body move from one room to another only. It has no personality, does not think, and does not have an emotion, where individuals do have there own personalities and thoughts may be different from the host.